Budget Amount *help 
¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1999: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998: ¥600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥600,000)

Research Abstract 
This research is concerned with equation : (1) uィイD2tィエD2Δu+Fu=0, u(0)=uィイD20ィエD2, Where F is a generalized play operator which auxiliary functions {fa, fd} are discontinuous. Our first aim is to construct solutions for (1), and to investigate their properties. To avoid complication, this time we choose fa and fd as follows : <<numerical formula>> In this case, F is called delayed relay operator. First we decompose (1) into (2) uィイD2tィエD2Δu+w=0 and (3) wィイD2tィエD2+∂IィイD2uィエD2 (w) ∋ 0. where, IィイD2uィエD2 (・) is a indicator function for the interval [fa(u), fa(u)], and ∂IィイD2uィエD2 is its subdifferential operator. To prove the existence of solutions, we must construct a class of approximate solutions for (2) and (3), and show the compactness of those approximate solutions. As for (2), we can make use of a wellknown energy estimate : <<numerical formula>> But as for (3), Sobolev technique is not useful because w is a step function. Therefore we make up the following plan : (a) To derive the rate of variation of local length of contour curve u(・, t) = α of u per dt. (b) to estimate wィイD2BV(Ω)ィエD2 by uィイD2c(Ω×(0,T))ィイD4ィエD4ィエD2, uィイD2WィイD11,2ィエD1(0,T;LィイD12ィエD1(Ω))ィエD2, and uィイD2c([0,T];HィイD11ィエD1(Ω))ィエD2. (c) To assure compactness of approximate solution of (3), by using BV norm. (a)⇒(b) and (b)⇒(c) are obvious. as for (a), we have the following partial result : Let u be a solution of (2) with sufficiently smooth w, so that u itself is sufficiently smooth too. Let P and Q be two points on the contour curve u(・,t)=α. For small dt, the points P' and Q' defined by <<numerical formula>> are on the contour curve u(・,t+dt)=α, and satisfy the following estimate : <<numerical formula>> where PGィイD4→ィエD4=dx. This is the rate of variation of local length of contour curve u(・,t)=α per dt. It is still open how to estimate the right hand side of this inequality.
